Origin of Rumba
The rumba mostly evolved in Cuba in the 16th century with great influence from the African slaves. Although this Spanish/African mix is considered to be Cuban, versions of this dance were to be seen on other Caribbean islands and in Latin America generally. In the late 1920’s, such Band Leaders as Xavier Cugat introduced the Rumba into the U.S.A. In the 1930’s this dance became popular in London. This dance is built around the famous “Cuban Box”, and features “Cuban Motion”.
Danced in 4/4 timing, the music has 4 even beats with the accent on the first beat of the bar. Slow sensual melodies are used, often with vocals.
Using “Cuban Motion”, this dance should display a sensuous movement of the hips and a sense of flirtation between the man and lady. The various rhythms and body expressions make this a very popular dance to watch and to participate in. Rumba is one of 4 dances whose basic step is based on the “box”. (The other 3 are: Waltz, Foxtrot, and Samba.)
Time signature – 4/4
Tempo – 32-36 measures per minute
Timing – SQQ – Slow Quick Quick or Quick Quick Slow
Beat value is 2-1-1 or 1-1-2
Rumba is one of the most popular dance to learn because you can dance it pretty much to any type of music.